banner ad
banner ad
banner ad

RSSBreeding and Genetics

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 1

| December 26, 2011

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS
Some breeds are based a particular colour or pattern while others exclude certain colours. Some colours occur through careful selective breeding, others appear spontaneously due to a mutation or recessive (hidden) genes coming together. There are hundreds of possible colour/pattern permutations; some are not allowed in pedigree cats, but are seen in random-bred (moggy) cats while others are rarely seen in the moggy population as must be selectively bred for.

These are plain English descriptions, not an authoritative list (serious breeders are advised to get breed/country specific information from their registries). It is not affiliated to any breed society or registry. Not all colours are recognised by all registries, some have different names in different breeds, registries or countries. Sometimes the same name means different things in different breeds, registries or countries. Some are experimental, some look so similar that they can only be worked out if you know the cat’s pedigree or genetics. Some colour/pattern combinations appear in several places in this article because they are related to other combinations.

It is not possible to include every single colour and pattern, so in some places the “naming convention” and examples are given.

The inclusion of a description of a colour or pattern is no comment on its desirability, just the fact that it exists. Omissions are due to lack of information. I include synonyms and refer to breeds where necessary to clarify name clashes or describe breed-specific patterns. Some terms are old-fashioned or are restricted to certain breeds only. At the end of this file is a list of potential future colour/pattern mutation.

These are some basic terms, though a few things will become clear later when colours and patterns are described in more detail.

Solid/Self

The cat is a single colour; the individual hairs are one colour with no agouti banding on the hairs.

Agouti

Refers to the several bands of colour (ticking) on a single hair e.g. on Abyssinian cats, ticked tabbies or in the
pale areas of a tabby cat.

Maltesing

Colour dilution e.g. the dilute of black is blue, of red is cream (grey)

Caramelising

Form of dilution which affects maltesed colours e.g. caramelised blue is caramel, caramelised cream is apricot

Sepia (1)

Apparently self-coloured cat bearing gene for colourpoint e.g. Burmese series; sometimes you can see that the legs, head and tail are darker than the body.

Sepia (2)

Theold ivory’ colour of Singapura cat

Mink

Intermediate between sepia and pointed; the points (face, legs, tail) are a darker version of main body colour.

Pointed

Siamese pattern (also called Himalayan pattern) with a pale body and darker legs, tail and ears.

Bi-Colour (Magpie)

Any colour & white; for show cats the colour should be evenly distributed.

Tri-Colour

Calico/Tortoiseshell (tortie) & White Colour Range

Parti-Colour

Usually defined as calico, with colour patches on up to one-third of the body

Calico

Tortoiseshell (tortie) & white

Calimanco, Calamanco

Archaic North American term for tortoiseshell shorthair cats

Torbico

Torbie (tabby-tortie) & white

Van/Van Bicolour

White with colour on the tail between the ears.

Harlequin

Van markings (any colour) + small patches (as few as possible) of the same colour on the body and legs.

Pied

Unevenly splashed with colour.

Mitted

White bootees on all four feet, the back bootees usually go up to the hocks, the front bootees are on the toes or paws only

Brindled

Tortie with intermingled colours

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM

Photo copyright and courtesy: fofurasfelinas

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 2

| December 26, 2011

SELF/SOLID COLOURS
SOLID COLOURS

Colours have different names in different countries and in different breeds. Different breeds/countries may use the same name for different colours! This section describes the basic colours in as non-specific a way as possible.

Albino White due to lack of pigmentation i.e. white with blue eyes; the most extreme form of albino is a cat with pink eyes.
Amber Bright apricot to cinnamon, with brown nose leather, paw pads and eye rims. Kittens are born dark/black and brighten as they mature.
Apricot Pink-brown or hot cream, with a metallic sheen,
Beige Fawn
Black Jet-black, called Ebony in Foreigns
Blue Blue-grey; the dilute of black
Brown Chocolate. Burmese “Brown” (called Sable/Seal) is equivalent to black.
Caramel Caramelised blue, cafe-au-lait colour (biscuit colour), cool toned bluish fawn, metallic sheen
Champagne Burmese/Tonkinese
equivalent to chocolate
Chestnut Medium-dark
brown, Oriental equivalent to chocolate
Chocolate Medium-dark brown
Cinnamon Milk-chocolate (reddish) colour (Light Brown)
Cream Buff, dilute of red
Ebony Foreign equivalent to black
Fawn Hot cream, equivalent to Light Lilac; historically a biscuity colour.
Frost Alternate name for Lilac/lavender
Gold Equivalent to cinnamon
Honey Equivalent to chocolate/chestnut (or to Cinnamon)
Indigo Dark blue or deep grey
Lavender Warm blue-brown, pinkish frosty grey (dove grey), dilute of Chocolate
Lilac Lavender
Light Amber Pink-beige to fawn, with blue-grey nose leather, paw pads and eye rims. Kittens are born blue and brighten as they mature.
Light Brown Equivalent to cinnamon
Light chocolate Burmilla Milk chocolate
Light Lilac Equivalent to fawn
Natural Tonkinese equivalent to sable/seal
Peach Australian Mist pink-brown, equivalent to light lilac/fawn. Peach is also seen as a dilute of Russian Blues and may be caramel.
Platinum Burmese/Tonkinese equivalent to lilac/lavender
Red Rich ginger red (poor reds are yellowish due to other genes).
Sable Burmese dark brown (genetically black)
Seal Siamese dark brown (genetically black)
Taupe Caramel dilution of lilac/lavender
White Non-albino white, this is the absence of colour.
Yellow An old term for a poor quality red.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM
Photo copyright and courtesy:
Portraityogi

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 3

| December 26, 2011

TABBY PATTERNS

Leopard-Tabby

In addition there are several modified versions of these patterns which are seen in certain breeds.

Red, Fawn and Cream are not true self colours as there will always be faint tabby markings. Breeders work to dissipate the tabby markings and give impression of an unpatterned, self-coloured cat.

The usual tabby patterns are Classic (Blotched) Tabby, Mackeral (Striped) Tabby, Spotted Tabby, Ticked Tabby (with some striping) and Ticked/Agouti (with no striping). In addition there are several modified versions of these patterns which are seen in certain breeds.

Braided (Candle Flame) Tabby Tiger-like vertical stripes with hollow centres, may break up into individual “candle-flame” patterns.
Classic Tabby Familiar “blotched” tabby pattern with dark stripes down length of back and dark swirls (bullseye) on sides of the body.
Clouded Leopard (Highland Lynx) derived from interaction of wild genes and domestic classic tabby pattern; marble pattern, horizontally aligned with as little bull’s eye pattern as possible. Equivalent to Bengal “marble” pattern.
Leopard Modified version of Spotted Tabby. Round spots, coloured to root of hair, ideally the spots are randomly placed, not vertically aligned. Found in hybrid cats (e.g. Bengal, Highland Lynx) where the spotted pattern differs from the spotted tabby.
Mackerel Tabby Vertical unbroken thin lines instead of swirls. Narrow spine lines and “necklaces”. The stripes should not break up into spots.
Marble Modified classic tabby with swirled, clouding effect as the vertical orientation of the tabby pattern is affected by the horizontal oriented clouded pattern of the wild ancestor. Described as Ocelot-like. Found in Bengal breed (hybrid) and naturally occurring in the Marbled Australian Mist.
Oceloid Described 1960s, vertically elongated rosettes (candle-flames)
Oyster Tabby Classic tabby i.e. refers to the distinctive bulls-eye on the side.
Patched Tabbies/Tortie-tabby/Torbie Tabby pattern overlaid on a tortie background e.g. deep red markings on red patched areas
and black markings on brown patched areas.
Rosette Clusters of spots; the centre of each cluster should be deeper version of background colour. Found in hybrid breeds such as Bengal and Safari where it is confusingly called tricolour (not the same as calico!).
Sokoke Tabby Modified Classic tabby pattern with agouti (background colour) hairs appearing in the solid areas of the coat giving a slightly clouded/marbled effect. Specific to the naturally occurring Sokoke breed from Kenya.
Spotted The pattern of round spots, preferably not vertically aligned, in hybrid breeds.
Spotted Tabby Vertical bars of colour are broken up into spots on the body. Stripes on leg, tail and face. Spots should be as round as possible, rather than elongated. It is often possible to see the vertical alignment of spots. Spine lines should be broken into spots. Possibly a gene for spotted pattern (rather than broken-up stripes) exists.
Ticked Tabby Agouti pattern with ticked body, tabby barring on face, legs and tail, at least one necklace, darker dorsal region, pale lower parts. The pattern of the Wild Abyssinian and of poorly marked agouti patterned cats; intermediate between Agouti and Tabby.
Ticked/Agouti Agouti pattern all over, barring to be absent, as far as possible, from any part of the body. The ticked colour range parallels the tabby colour range.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM

Photo copyright and courtesy: Gribb0

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 4

| December 26, 2011

TICKED/AGOUTI COLOURS

ticking is a tabby pattern

Genetically, ticking is a tabby pattern, but visually it looks very different. Each individual hair has several bands of colour which affects the apparent colour of the cat. Some colours are linked to the cat's sex

Genetically, ticking is a tabby pattern, but visually it looks very different. Each individual hair has several bands of colour which affects
the apparent colour of the cat. Some colours are linked to the cat’s sex (important to breeders/exhibitors).

Black (Experimental colour) The black fur has a distinct “shimmer” due to barely visible ticking, similar effect in Chausie breed has silver-tipped fur.
Blue Blue-grey; the dilute of black
Brown Equivalent to black (more commonly called Usual or Tawny)
Chestnut/Chocolate Medium-dark brown.
Cream True (sex-linked) cream, dilute of sex-linked red
Ebony Foreign equivalent to black
Fawn (Beige) non sex-linked cream (dilute sorrel)
Golden Any colour ticking on a golden undercoat
Ivory Warm beige ticking on ivory (Singapura)
Lavender (Lilac) Warm blue-brown, pinkish frosty grey (dove grey), dilute of Chocolate
Manilla black/dark ticking on sandy-golden (Celonese/Ceylon Cat)
Red Rich ginger red (sex-linked red)
Ruddy Equivalent to black/brown, also called Usual, Brown, Tawny
Sable Burmese dark brown (genetically black)
Seal Siamese dark brown (genetically black)
Silver Any colour ticking on a silver undercoat
Sorrel Equivalent to cinnamon, non sex-linked red.
Taupe Caramel dilution of lilac/lavender
Tawny Abyssinian/Somali: Equivalent to black/brown, also called Usual, Brown, Ruddy; it is also the ticked sandy/golden colour found in a some wild/domestic hybrid breeds
Usual Equivalent to black/brown, also called Ruddy, Brown, Tawny
White Suqutranese (white Somali-type): pure white, translucent silver-white bands on hair visible in good light as sparkling effect

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM

Photo copyright and courtesy: Gatoteria

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 5

| December 26, 2011
Silvery Tabby

Tabby means dark markings (stripes, swirls, spots) on a paler background.

TICKED TORTOISESHELLS: Because agouti is a type of tabby, those colours can combine with the tortoiseshell markings to give ticked tortoiseshells. Some of these can be difficult to distinguish because ticking obscures the colours. The ticked colours and ticked tortie colours can be patched with white to give ticked bicolours, but this is presently only seen in non-pedigree cats. Examples:

Ticked Tortoiseshell Areas of usual (black) and Red (sex-linked) ticking.
Blue Ticked
Tortoiseshell
Ticked blue-cream
Chocolate Ticked Tortoiseshell

 

SILVER AND GOLDEN TICKED TABBIES: Ticking can occur on a silver or gold undercoat in permutations equivalent to silver tabbies and golden tabbies. Silver Abyssinians and Silver Somalis are popular in Britain but rare in the US. The Alaskan Snow Cat has the Silver Abyssinian coat pattern. For example:

Silver (Silver Usual/
Silver Ruddy),
Usual (black) ticking on silver background.
Golden (Golden
Usual/Golden Ruddy)
Usual (black) ticking on a golden background.
Sorrel Silver Sorrel ticking on silver background
Blue Silver Blue ticking on silver background.
Chocolate Silver Chocolate ticking on silver background.
Ruddy Silver Ticked
Tortie
Ruddy Ticked Tortoiseshell on a silver background,
Blue Silver Ticked
Tortoiseshell
Blue Ticked Tortoiseshell (Blue-Cream Ticked) on silver backgrounds
Chocolate Silver Ticked
Tortoiseshell
Chocolate tortoiseshell on silver background.

 

TABBY COLOURS: Tabby means dark markings (stripes, swirls, spots) on a paler background. The stripe colour is solid (goes right to the hair root), but the background colour is agouti (each hair is banded with colour). Different breeds may use different names for the same colour.

Amber Tabby Black markings on apricot background at birth. The black markings brighten to reddish-brown or cinnamon at maturity. The nose is pink and the paw pads and eye rims are brown.
Blue Tabby cream/ivory-blue base, slate blue markings
Brown (Black, Ebony)
Tabby
coppery-brown base, black markings
Chocolate (Chestnut)
Tabby
cream base, milk-chocolate brown markings
Cameo Tabby cream base, pale red markings (aka Red-Silver Tabby)
Caramel Tabby cream base, biscuit-colour markings
Chestnut Tabby ivory base, medium-dark brown markings
Chocolate Tabby ivory base, medium-dark brown markings (= Chestnut Tabby)
Cinnamon Tabby pale brown base, cinnamon markings
Cream Tabby pale cream base, fawn/buff markings
Fawn Tabby pale pink-beige base, lilac markings
Golden Tabby tabby on golden undercoat (see chinchilla/shaded section) e.g. Chocolate Golden Tabby etc
Lavender (Lilac) Tabby milky cream base, frosty grey markings
Light Amber Tabby Blue markings on apricot background at birth. The blue markings brighten to pink-beige to fawn at maturity. The nose is pink and the paw pads and eye rims are blue-grey.
Red Tabby pale red base, deep red markings
Silver Tabby silver base, black markings, aka Black Silver Tabby. Silver Tabbies with coloured markings on a silvery background are called Blue Silver, Red Silver (aka Cameo Tabby) etc.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM

Photo copyright and courtesy: Michael

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 6

| December 26, 2011

BREED-SPECIFIC TABBY/SPOTTED TERMS AND BROKEN COLOURS – TORTOISESHELLS, BICOLOURS & TRICOLOURS

Calico Persian

Calico Persian

BREED-SPECIFIC TABBY/SPOTTED TERMS: As well as the various permutations of tabby/silver tabby/golden tabby, spotted/silver
spotted/golden spotted there are some terms specific to the modified tabby markings and specific colourways of certain breeds. These are really just more descriptive alternatives to the more common terms above.

Bronze Spotted (Egyptian Mau) = Chocolate Spotted Tabby
Bronze (California Spangled)
Charcoal (California Spangled)
Cinnamon-Golden (Bronze) Spotted (Ocicat) dark Cinnamon on Gold/Honey/Ivory
Ebony Leopard (American Lynx)
Gold (Australian Mist)
Gold (California Spangled)
Golden Leopard (American Lynx)
Golden Spotted (Ocicat) bright Cinnamon on Ivory
King Spangled (California Spangled) pattern like King Cheetah
Leopard (Bengal) black spots/rosettes on orange/tawny background (a form of Brown Tabby)
Mink (Bengal) black spots/rosettes on mahogany
Peach (Australian Mist) a misty pink base with darker
markings
Pewter Spotted (Egyptian Mau)
Sienna Spotted (Ocicat) Beige/Ecru on Ivory background
Smoke Spotted (Egyptian Mau)
Snow Leopard (American Lynx)
Snow Leopard (California Spangled), the ‘dilution phase’.
Snow (Bengal) beige spots, black leg/tail stripes on pale Ivory (effect of Siamese/Burmese ancestry); results in Snow Leopard,
Snow Marble.
Sorrel (Bengal) chestnut-brown on orange/tawny
Tawny Spotted (Ocicat) Black/Seal on Buff/Ruddy
Tawny (American Lynx)

 

BROKEN COLOURS – TORTOISESHELLS, BICOLOURS & TRICOLOURS: Tortoiseshell is the mixing of two or more distinct colours; one of the colours is red or cream. The black/orange tortie will be familiar to most readers. In pedigree cats, well defined patches of each colour are
preferred. Cats with tabby markings on a tortie background are known as tabby-torties/patched tabbies/torbies. Where the hairs are mixed together, the cat is referred to as brindled. Almost all tortie/tortie-and-white cats are female; males do occur sometimes but they are either infertile or they have a genetic aberration and do not bred true.

Tortoiseshell Black/Orange (tabby markings visible on the orange patches)
Dilute Tortoiseshell Blue-Cream (tabby visible on creampatches)
Amber Tortoiseshell The black areas are replaced by amber. Kittens are born with black markings that brighten to amber as they mature.
Brown Tortoiseshell (Burmese version of black/orange Tortoiseshell)
Chocolate (Chestnut)
Tortoiseshell
Warm milk chocolate, red, and cream
Cinnamon Tortoiseshell Milk-chocolate brown and cream (Burmese)
Lilac (Lavender) Tortoiseshell Frosty lilac-grey and cream
Light Amber Tortoiseshell The blue areas are replaced by amber; kittens are born with blue but this brightens to light amber as they mature.
Patched Tortoiseshell The above tortoiseshell patters can also occur in combination with the tabby pattern e.g. Blue Tabby Tortie, Lilac Tabby Tortie, Silver Tabby Tortie etc
Bicolour Solid colours can occur patched with white e.g. Black and White, Cream and White (faint tabby markings), Chocolate and White.
Tabby-and-White Tabby patterns can occur patched with white e.g. Blue Tabby and White, Red Tabby and White, Silver Tabby and White. Ticked colours can occur patched with white.
Tortie-and-White Tortie patterns occur with white e.g. Tortoiseshell & White (Calico), Dilute Tortoiseshell & White (Dilute Calico/Blue-Cream and White), Chocolate (Chestnut) Tortie and White (Choc-Cream & White/Chestnut Calico), Lilac (Lavender) Tortie & White (Lilac-Cream & White/Lavender Calico) etc.
Silver Tortoiseshell / Silver
Tortoiseshell Tabby
Tortoiseshell and Tortie-Tabby patterns can occur on silver backgrounds e.g. Blue Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie
Tabby/Tabby, Fawn Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie Tabby/Tabby, Red Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie Tabby/Tabby
etc and on golden backgrounds.
Tipped and Smoke Tortoiseshell These are described in the section on chinchilla, tipped, shaded and smoke colours and have silver or golden
undercoats.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM
Photo copyright and courtesy:
Michael

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 7

| December 26, 2011

CHINCHILLA (SHELL), TIPPED (SHORTHAIR TIPPED), SHADED, AND SMOKE COLOUR GROUP AND MORE

CHINCHILLA (SHELL), TIPPED (SHORTHAIR TIPPED), SHADED, AND SMOKE COLOUR GROUP

CHINCHILLA (SHELL), TIPPED (SHORTHAIR TIPPED), SHADED, AND SMOKE COLOUR GROUP

 

CHINCHILLA (SHELL), TIPPED (SHORTHAIR TIPPED), SHADED, AND SMOKE COLOUR GROUP : Chinchilla (shell) is the lightest tipping; hair tip is coloured and hair shaft is silver, giving a sparkling appearance. Shaded is next degree; colour extends further along the hair shaft, darkest on the back to create a mantle of shading. Smoke is heaviest tipping; undercoat colour is reduced to a small band near the hair root, the cat appears to be solid with pale ruff/frill until the coat is parted or the cat is in motion. In the golden series, the undercoat is gold rather than white. The terms “chinchilla” and “shell” are mostly used for longhairs (Persians), in shorthairs this is called tipped.

Silver series White undercoat with colour tips.
Golden series Gold undercoat with colour tips
Shell Chinchilla tipping
Cameo Red (a term sometimes used in longhairs with red on a silver undercoat)
Cream Cameo Cream (dilute of Red/Cameo)
Silver Tabby Coloured markings on silvered/ivory ground colour e.g. Red-Silver (Cameo) Tabby which is red on ivory.
Tortie Chinchilla/Shell Tortie/Silver
Tortie
Pale undercoat tipped in tortie combination of colours.
Shaded Tortie/ Tortoiseshell Shaded Silver Pale undercoat tipped/shaded with tortie combination of colours (e.g. black red and cream). Tipping ranges from
shell (chinchilla) to shaded.
Smoke Tortoiseshell/ Tortie Smoke Pale undercoat smoked with tortie combination of colours. Undercoat only visible when cat is in motion.
Silver Patched Tabby Coloured markings on silvered ground colour interspersed with patches or red and/or cream (or other tortie combinations).
Golden Patched Tabby Coloured markings on golden ground colour interspersed with patches or red and/or cream (or other tortie combinations)

 

The first chinchillas/shaded silvers/smokes were longhairs which had black tipping or shading. Black on silver gives:

Chinchilla aka Silver/Silver Chinchilla/Tipped (called Burmilla in Asian group of cats)
Shaded Silver blue/green eyes, darker than Chinchilla
Masked Silver shaded silver with dark face/paws
Pewter/Pewter Tipped orange-eyed Shaded Silver/Chinchilla (this was the original eye colour of the breed, but fell out of favour in the 1890s)
Silver Tabby black tabby markings on silver background
Black Smoke

looks solid black until you part the fur which is pale near the roots

 

Other tipped/shaded/smoke colours used the above naming convention, but named the particular colour e.g. Blue on Silver gives:

Blue ChinchillaBlue Shaded SilverBlue PewterBlue Silver TabbyBlue Smoke

Blue Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie Tabby

 

Other colours on silver follow the same formula e.g. Chocolate (Chestnut) Chinchilla, Lavender (Lilac) Shaded Silver etc. Red or cream on silver are also earlier developed colours and these have some historically-based synonyms as well as names following the usual formula:

Red Chinchilla = Shell CameoRed Shaded (Silver) = Shaded CameoRed Silver Tabby = Cameo TabbyRed Smoke = Smoke CameoRed Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie Tabby Cream Chinchilla = Shell Cream CameoCream Shaded (Silver) = Shaded Cream CameoCream Silver Tabby = Cream Cameo TabbyCream Smoke = Smoke Cream CameoCream Silver Tortoiseshell/Tortie Tabby
Blue Cream Chinchilla = Shell Dilute TortoiseshellBlue Cream Shaded = Shaded Dilute TortoiseshellBlue Cream Smoke = Smoke Dilute Tortoiseshell

 

GOLDEN COLOUR GROUP: The golden series is less common. Like the silvers, the colour is on a paler undercoat, but in this case golden. Golden series is named using a similar formula to the silver series e.g.:

Golden ChinchillaShaded GoldenBlue Shaded Golden (etc)Golden TabbyGolden Tabby-Tortie Golden Ticked TabbyChocolate Golden Ticked Tabby (etc)Tortoiseshell Golden ChinchillaTortoiseshell Shaded GoldenTortoiseshell Golden Smoke

 

BREED SPECIFIC TIPPED: There is a breed specific tipped colour found in the Chausie which is distinct from the tipped colours above.

Silver Tipped Black hairs tipped with silver, appears to be a
form of black agouti rather than smoke or silver.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM
Photo copyright and courtesy:
Bruce
Tsao

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 8

| December 26, 2011

COLOURPOINTS

Himalayan

COLOURPOINTS: Often called the Siamese pattern or Himalayan pattern

 

COLOURPOINTS: Often called the Siamese pattern or Himalayan pattern (after Himalayan rabbits). As well as the colourpointed coat, they have blue eyes. Pointed cats are slow to develop their full body and point colour and kittens/young cats have paler points or markings  Older cats have darker body colour. Temperature affects the point colour – the coldest areas (the ‘points’ i.e. ears, legs, tail) are darker  than the body and things like environment temperature, a fever or even bandaging a leg because of injury will affect the colour. The types of point pattern are:

Solid Point points are of solid colour e.g. seal (dark brown), blue (grey)
Lynx/Tabby Point points have tabby markings
Tortie Point points have tortoiseshell (multicolour) markings
Abyssinian Point points are ticked (i.e. agouti)
Pastel Point chinchilla/shaded silver tipped points (pale colour on silvery background) (Tipped Siamese)
Shadow/Smoke Points shaded points, shadowy tabby markings (darker version of chinchilla)
Snow Tiger alternate term for Lynx/Tabby Points
Bicolour Point Colour point with white markings on the coloured areas (present, but less apparent, on the body) e.g. white paws
Apricot Point Pinkish brown points
Blue Point bluish white body, slate blue points
Caramel Point cafe-au-lait colour points
Chocolate Point ivory body, milk chocolate points
Cinnamon Point milk-chocolate colour points
Cream (Ivory) Point creamy white body, buff-cream points.
Fawn (Light Lilac) Point Hot cream points
Lavender Point pinkish lilac points
Lilac (Frost) Point glacial white body, frosty pinkish grey points
Red (Flame) Point creamy white body, deep orange to red points
Seal Point cream/pale fawn body, deep seal brown points

As well as solid colours on the points, there are tabby (lynx) and tortoiseshell points. These can be hard to tell apart without knowing the
colours of the cats ancestors:

Seal Tabby Point/Seal Lynx Point cream/fawn body, points brown with seal brown bars.
Blue Tabby Point/Blue Lynx Point bluish white body, points deep blue on pale blue.
Caramel Tabby Point/Caramel Lynx Point
Chocolate Tabby Point/Chocolate Lynx Point ivory body, points warm milk chocolate on paler background
Cinnamon Tabby Point/Cinnamon Lynx Point
Lilac (Frost) Tabby Point/Lilac (Frost) Lynx Point glacial white body, points frosty grey with pinkish points
Red (Flame) Tabby Point/Red Lynx Point white body, points deep red bars red.
Cream Tabby Point/Cream Lynx Point white body, points buff bars on pale cream
Seal Tortoiseshell Point body creamy white, points seal brown patched with red and/or cream
Blue Tortoiseshell Point/Blue Cream Point body bluish white/creamy white, points slate blue patched with cream.
Chocolate Tortoiseshell Point/Chocolate Cream Point ivory body, points milk chocolate patched with red and/or cream
Lilac (Frost) Tortoiseshell Point/Lilac Cream Point glacial white body, frosty pinkish grey points patched with cream.
Seal Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Seal Tortie Lynx Point body cream/pale fawn, points brown with seal brown markings and red and/or cream markings.
Blue Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Blue Tortie Lynx Point bluish white body, points pale blue with slate blue markings with patches of cream.
Caramel Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Caramel Tortie Lynx Point
Chocolate Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Chocolate Tortie Lynx Point body ivory, points pale chocolate barred with warm milk chocolate with red and/or cream patches.
Cinnamon Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Cinnamon Torrtie Lynx Point
Lilac (Frost) Tabby Tortoiseshell Point/Lilac (Frost) Tortie Lynx Point

 

A relatively recent experimental development is the silver tabby point. Silver Tabby Tortoiseshells are possible and would use the above
formula for their names.

Blue Silver Tabby Point points silvery with slate blue barring
Seal Silver Tabby Point points silvery with seal barring
Red Silver Tabby Point points silvery with red markings
Cream Silver Tabby Point points silvery with cream markings

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM
Photo copyright and courtesy: Michael

 

CAT COLOURS AND PATTERNS – Part 9

| December 26, 2011

MINK COLOURS, VAN, VAN BI-COLOUR, HARLEQUIN, SEYCHELLES GROUP, MITTED & RAGDOLL COLOUR PATTERNS and FUTURE COLOUR POSSIBILITIES

MINK COLOURS (TONKINESE)

MINK COLOURS (TONKINESE) : Minks are pointed cats with much darker bodies and less (although still apparent) contrast between body colour and point colour.

 

 

MINK COLOURS (TONKINESE) : Minks are pointed cats with much darker bodies and less (although still apparent) contrast between body colour and point colour. Mink is a halfway-house between solid colour (Burmese) and colourpoint (Siamese). In theory, Tonkinese occur in versions of all Burmese (solid) colours – the list below gives the Burmese equivalent name for some of the mink colours. Mink-colour cats have blue, aqua or blue green eyes. In Australia, Tonkinese are found in spotted, tabby, ticked, tortie and tortie-tabby varieties and in the silver series. Many registries use the Oriental or Burmese colour name, not the “mink” term.

Blue Mink Ash blue (with warm fawn tones) body, medium/slate blue points.
Champagne Mink (Chocolate) buff cream/light tan body, points golden tan to milk chocolate
Honey Mink (Cinnamon)
Natural Mink (Black/Seal) Medium brown body, deep seal brown points.
Platinum Mink (Lavender/Lilac) Pale silver/pearly grey body (with light fawn tones), points pale dove grey to light taupe grey
Red Mink Pale red body, darker red points with ghost tabby markings
Cinnamon Mink
Fawn Mink A “hotter version” of cream.
Cream Mink

 

 

 

VAN, VAN BI-COLOUR, HARLEQUIN, SEYCHELLES GROUP: Van Pattern is also called Grade 8 – Grade 9 Piebald. It is the most extreme of the ‘Seychelles‘ patterns, comprising patches on head at base of each ear; tail same colour as patches, often with darker rings because red and cream are not true solid colours. Van Bi-Colours & Harlequins have additional markings on legs, one or two small patches on body. Beware: in Turkey, the term Turkish Van does not refer to a patterned cat!! The Seychellois is a Van-pattern cat of oriental type.

The 3 Seychellois patterns are:
Seychellois Neuvieme white, coloured tail & head splashes
Seychellois Huitieme has additional leg splashes
Seychellois Septieme has leg & with body splashes
Other colours are being developed in Van pattern cats. In theory any solid, tabby or tortie colour can occur in the Van pattern. The current colours of Van-pattern cats (Turkish Van and Van Bi-Colour) are:
Auburn and White original Turkish Van breed colour – red-tabby markings
Black and White black markings
Blue and White ash grey markings
Cream and White dilute of auburn – cream-tabby markings
Tortoiseshell and White tortie/blue-cream markings
Tabby and White any colour tabby markings

 

 

 

MITTED & RAGDOLL COLOUR PATTERNS: The following are colourpointed cat appearing to have white mitts. The ‘Mitted Pattern’ is found in the Snowshoe, Birman and Ragdoll. The mitted pattern can occur with any of the colourpoint colours and patterns. There are six Ragdoll patterns, only three of which have competition status:- Colourpoint, Bi-colour and Mitted. The other three patterns are High Mitted (mitts extend up legs), Mid-High White (Bi-colour with additional white in “saddle” area) and High White (Bi-colour with even greater degree of white, “saddle” may be absent). The Piawaian Kucing Malaysia has a Ragdoll-type Seal Point Mitted pattern. Other colours are
being developed in Ragdolls.

Seal Point Bi-Colour Seal brown ears, tail, mask, “saddle”
Seal Point Colourpoint Siamese pattern
Seal Point Mitted Birman pattern, dark body, white face blaze, belly, boots & mitts
Blue Point Bi-Colour/ Colourpoint/Mitted as above but with blue (grey)
Chocolate Point Bi-Colour/Colourpoint/Mitted as above but with chocolate
Lilac Point Bi-Colour/ Colourpoint/Mitted as above but with lilac
Lynx Point Bi-Colour/ Colourpoint/Mitted tabby-patterned points (various colours)
Red (Flame) Point Bi-Colour/Colourpoint/Mitted red (red tabby, flame) points

 

 

 

EQUIVALENT NAMES TABLE

Full Expression Sepia (Burmese) Mink (Tonkinese) Pointed (Siamese) Abyssinian/Somali Australian Mist
Black/Brown (in tabbies)/Ebony Brown/Sable/Seal Sepia Sable/Natural Mink Sable/Seal Usual/Tawny/Ruddy/Brown  Brown
Blue Blue/Blue Sepia Blue Blue  Blue  Blue
Chocolate/ Chestnut/Brown Chocolate/ Champagne Sepia Chocolate/ Champagne Mink Chocolate  Chocolate  Chocolate
Lilac/Lavender/ Frost Lilac/Platinum Sepia Lilac/Platinum Mink Lilac/Platinum  Lavender  Lilac
Cinnamon Cinnamon/Cinnamon Sepia Cinnamon/Honey Mink Cinnamon Red/Sorrel Gold
Fawn/Light Lilac Fawn/Fawn Sepia Fawn Fawn Fawn/Beige/Dilute Sorrel (non sex-linked) Peach
Red Red/Red Sepia Red Red Sex-linked red  Red
Cream Cream/Cream Sepia Cream Cream Sex-linked cream  Cream

 

 

That is the end of the colours and patterns you are likely to see.The next section concerns variations which either haven’t been seen yet or which have been seen once or twice, but have not been bred.

 

FUTURE COLOUR POSSIBILITIES: The following colours are found in other species, some have been observed in cats, but have not been standardized or developed further. Some may be introduced by outcrossing to wild cats, as was rosetting/marbling in the
Bengal.

Yellow True yellow (as seen in palomino horse), the ‘Palomino’ breed was said to be the colour of a brown grocery bag. Historically, “yellow” meant sandy-coloured reds.
Banded (Belted) Solid colour with a solid band of white around middle of body (seen in Dutch Rabbits) – some Spanish street cats already exhibit this pattern but it has not been developed.
Sheeted Solid colour with a wide band of colour (shoulder to haunches) (seen in some breeds of cattle)
Quadricolours Patches in 4 distinct colours. I’ve seen only one example – a blue/cream/white tortie with a black/grey/white face; this may have been a form of mosaicism. The overall distribution of colour was akin to a Bicolor Ragdoll (saddle, mask, white blaze). Eyes were blue. These may possibly be chimaeras (resulting from two fused embryos).
Other Tricolours These look like torties, i.e. red with small black spots or patches but are genetically red/red tabby cats with localised skin mutations or are chimaeras (resulting from 2 fused embryos). This is more and more being seen in cats and has resulted to
grey-black-and-white cats, red-blue-and-white cats and cream-black-and-white cats. A mutant exhibiting Black-Yellow-White has occurred, the cat resembled a Jack Russell terrier, having a pointed face, long ears & bowed back legs. These cats breed as bicolours depending on which embryo cells form the ovaries or testes. Others are sterile due to XXY makeup. These quirks account for tortie tomcats.
New colourpoints Dark points on a solid coloured body (as seen in dun horses) or white/pale points on a dark body (seen in some pig
breeds).
New Tabbies Horizontal stripes, reversed tabby patterns with light markings on a darker base, true spotting, clouding & marbling. Some of these effects are seen in wild cat species.
Black and Tan Black upper body and outside leg, tan lower body and inside leg as seen in Doberman dogs (where it is a mutation of agouti). There is a sharp dividing line between the black and tan parts (a “waterline”).
Blue and Tan Dilute of black & tan, dove-grey upper (agouti mutation). Other colours and tan might then be possible.
Zebra, Dalmatian, Appaloosa These would be striped and spotted as per the dogs and horses of those names.
Pink/Red Eyed Dilutes Seen in rodents, may already have occurred. A pink-eyed dilute has been reported, cat was tan with pink eyes. Kittens
born to her were premature & stillborn. A pink-eyed white kitten was born in a cat shelter in the UK but died as a kitten.
Satin Not actually a colour, but a fur type which would have an effect on how the colour appeared. It would add a sheen to
the coat by reflect light in a different way (seen in mice). A form of “glitter” is seen in some Bengal cats
Green Green is not found in any mammal at present. The famous Danish green kitten was a temporary colour due to copper
contamination.

Copyright & Credit: Sarah Hartwell – MESSYBEAST.COM
Photo copyright and courtesy:
Gribb0

 

Cat Eye Care – Why It Is Important?

| December 22, 2011
Cat Eye Care

Cats eyes have often been used in horror films. But as a pet owner, you will know that the cats stare is really the complete opposite of what is portrayed in films. That is why cat eye care, is so very important for you to know.

Cats eyes have often been used in horror films. But as a pet owner, you will know that the cats stare is really the complete opposite of what is portrayed in films. That is why cat eye care, is so very important for you to know.

How do cats say I love you? well this is through their eyes, of course. This is why you should never be frightened by there gaze. So how does this work? First of all, the cat stares at you for a long time. And after that, it blinks its eyes slowly. Some people call this the cats kiss. But you should also know that this is your cats way of showing you that it loves you.

But how do you return the favor?  This is easy, all you need to do is follow your cats lead. Stare at it for a long time and then slowly blink your eyes. See? Cats eyes have also be used for romantic films as well.

Do not believe the horror films you see. Cats do not and never have had a third eye. Their eye sight is really far better than a humans. Instead of a third eye, what cats have is a third eyelid. This is called a nictitating membrane.

This inner eyelid protects the eyes of the cat from harm and also from dryness. You will always notice that when a cat is sick, this membrane will be some what closed. This should always alarm enough for you to call your vet or get your cat to them fast as possible.

But this third eyelid will also show once a cat is happy. So you will know what kind of mood your cat is in just by looking at the membrane.

You should always observe the pupil of your feline friend. A change in size of one of the pupils can often be an indication of an inflammation. It can also be a sign of a kind of a neurologic, disorder, this is called Horner’s Syndrome. Or worse, it can also indicate tumors or injuries in the central nervous system.

Never believe what others say that cats are color blind. They do see some colors. They may not see them as clear as human do, but its not true that they cannot see any colors at all.

Cats can also see clearly over long distances. There vision is very different from peoples. There vision will blurry if they are looking at objects that are very close to them.

Yes it is true, cats do have the nocturnal vision. But they can not see in complete darkness. Do you see the muscles on their iris that surround the pupils of their eyes? They are constructed in a way that it narrows into a vertical split when they are exposed in the bright lights. And it opens fully when they are in a quite dim light.

This feature of the cat may be traced back to their roots. They can use this feature to hunt for food during the night, that is if they were left out in the jungle or left with no one to care for them.

So you must forget about the horror movies that you have seen. Now it is time to put some effort into your cats eye care. Never let a minor ailments worsen. Always call your vet immediately when you think there is something not right or amiss. You do not want your cat to lose their sight or even worse lose their lives. Just remember it is always better to be safe than blind.

Copyright & Credit:

Article Source: www.articlecube.com  | Graham Williams is an online author and maintains a site devoted to Caring For Your Cat. So if you would like further FREE information on Cat Care. Then please visit my site.

Photo copyright and courtesy: Ilker – stock.xchng

banner ad
banner ad