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Helping Your Cat Adjust to a New Home

| December 27, 2011
Helping Your Cat Adjust to a New Home

Adjusting to a new home can be a tense and frightening experience for a cat.

Adjusting to a new home can be a tense and frightening experience for a cat. After being abandoned by his previous guardian, he now finds himself in a strange new home with strange new people. Your patience and understanding during his initial adjustment period can do a lot to help your new cat feel at home.

The ride home
Transportation can be traumatic for cats. Your cat or kitten should be confined to a carrier during the ride home as well as during subsequent trips to the veterinarian. Do not let your new cat loose in a moving car or allow children to excite him. Do not leave the cat unattended in the car or stop to visit friends, shop, etc. Keep your cat in his carrier until you are safely inside your home.

The new home
Consider the kind of life your companion has had. Your kitten may have been recently separated from his mother and litter mates. The kitten or cat has had to cope with the transition of a kennel environment and the stress of surgery. The adult cat may have been separated from a familiar home and forced to break a bond with human companions or other animals. Now he must adjust again to totally new surroundings.

Allow your cat several weeks to adapt to his new surroundings. During this period, the cat or kitten should be carefully confined indoors. He needs to get used to you as the provider of love, shelter and food. Be sure that all windows and doors are kept closed and that all screens are secure. A scared cat can easily get out of a high open window. Although PAWS advocates keeping cats indoors 24 hours a day, it is imperative that the new cat stay totally indoors for at least one month, and the new kitten until he is grown.

Be patient. It’s not uncommon for cats to display behavior problems during the first days in a new home, but these usually disappear over time. Newly arrived cats and kittens often bolt under furniture the first chance they get; some may spend hours or even days hiding. Sit and talk quietly to the cat. If you must take the cat out of his hiding place, carry him gently to a quiet protected area where he will feel secure. Be sure food, water and litterbox are nearby.

A room of his own
Introduce your cat to his new home gradually, restricting him to one room at first. Isolate other animals from your new cat during this time. Supervise children; advise them to always be gentle with the cat. Have the litterbox ready when you remove the cat from the carrier. Show him the location of the litterbox. Offer a bowl of water but do not provide food for an hour. Your cat may be bewildered, fearful or curious. Do not overwhelm him with attention or demands. Remember to keep doors and windows closed, and be sure the cat has an I.D. tag on at all times. It is not unusual for cats to leap on top of very high furniture in order to explore or to feel secure. Do not panic, shout, or run to the cat. When he is ready, he will come down alone.

Try to spend several hours with your new cat as he becomes accustomed to your home. Your sensitive handling of the initial transition can ease the trauma and set the stage for a happy settling-in.

Sleeping arrangements
Most cats choose several favorite sleeping spots where they can be comfortable, warm, and free from drafts. Providing a bed for your cat may discourage him from sleeping on furniture. A cozy box or basket lined with soft, washable bedding and placed in a quiet corner makes a suitable cat bed. However, some cats enjoy continually picking new (and sometimes surprising) sleeping spots. If you allow your cat to sleep on furniture, a washable cover can be placed over favorite spots. A cat’s sleeping spot should be respected as his own. Don’t allow children to disturb your cat when he is resting. Cats need solitude and quiet time.
Introduction to other animals

The ability of animals to get along together in the same household depends on their individual personalities. In relationships between animals, there will always be one who dominates. A new cat will often upset the existing “pecking order” or the old cat or dog may feel it necessary to establish dominance immediately. Wise handling of the “getting acquainted” period is an important factor in the successful introduction of a new cat. The first week or two may be hectic, frustrating and time consuming. Be patient. The adjustment will take time.

New cat/old dog
Keep your dog confined until the cat feels secure in his new home. Introduce them indoors with the dog under control on a leash. Do not allow the dog to chase or corner the cat, even out of playfulness or curiosity. Supervise them carefully and don’t tolerate any aggressive behavior from your dog. The cat should have a safe retreat, either up high or in a room inaccessible to the dog. An adult cat may swat a dog to set limits. Allow your animals to accept one another in their own time and don’t leave them alone together until this is accomplished. Never push them toward each other or force interaction. Many cats and dogs become companions and playmates while others simply tolerate each other. Be sure to give your dog lots of extra attention to avoid jealous reactions.

New cat/old cat
Spayed or neutered cats are generally more accepting of other cats. Adult cats are generally more accepting of kittens than of other adults. Two altered adult cats often become friends in the same home. Let your original cat sniff the cat carrier while your new cat is still confined. Then temporarily confine the established cat to one room while the new cat becomes familiar with his surroundings, including the other cat’s scent. Do not force or rush their meeting. Grooming and acceptance of food are signs that your new cat is settling in and may be ready to meet his house mate. Pick up the new cat and take him to a quiet room while your established cat is allowed to investigate the newcomer’s carrier and territory. Bring the new cat into the area. Never force an introduction or interfere with two cats getting acquainted unless a fight erupts (in which case tossing a blanket over one cat or squirting the cats with a light spray of water effectively disrupts the fight). If possible have a neutral party such as a neighbor or friend do this in order to avoid the established cat’s association of you with “the intruder”. Remember, you are introducing a new cat into the territory of another. Hissing and standoffs are to be expected. Allow them to grow accustomed to one another on their own terms, remembering that the process may take many weeks.

Be sure each cat has his own food and water bowls and litterbox. Try to allow equal time for each cat. Do not leave them alone together until they have accepted each other. Confine them to separate areas when you are away. Since many problems are caused by jealousy, give your original cat extra time, attention, and treats and avoid interrupting his routine as much as possible.


New cat/other animals
Birds, rodents, and fish should be adequately protected from possible harassment from the new cat. These animals are the natural prey of cats and may be subjected to stress merely by the presence of a cat. Cats and rabbits generally live harmoniously together, with the rabbit often assuming a dominant role. However, watch early interactions closely in case your cat should manifest a prey reaction and never leave them unsupervised together until their relationship is clearly friendly.

Copyright & Credit:  Paws – www.paws.org
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Category: Feline Articles, Feline Health and Care, Feline Resources

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