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Vet Visits

| June 10, 2018

Rates & Services

| June 10, 2018

Kittycat Pet Sitting

| June 10, 2018

Kittycat Pet Sitting

| June 10, 2018

Feline Physiotherapy; Indications and Benefits

| June 10, 2018

Feline Physiotherapy; Indications and Benefits

By: Courteney Meyer


Physiotherapy and rehabilitation has become highly valued within human medicine and is relatively well established overseas and now in South Africa, with regards to canines, but what about our feline masters? Their reputation precedes them as being independent or uncooperative and therefore a challenge to treat and rehabilitate, but this is not necessarily so. With the emergence of Veterinary Physiotherapy as a new Para-Veterinary profession in South Africa, the demand for effective post-surgical and injury rehabilitation for cats with physical dysfunction, is on the rise.

“Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Therapy are concerned with identifying and maximising quality of life and movement potential within the spheres of promotion, prevention, treatment / intervention, habitation and rehabilitation. Movement, function and performance are assessed and goals are agreed using unique skills.” – SAAPRA (South African Animal Rehab Association).

As stated by SAAPRA, goals are patient specific and aim to eliminate pain and inflammation, reduce lameness, increase strength, muscle mass and tone, increase joint range of motion and slow down the detrimental effects of joint degeneration, in other words, increase joint health. The therapists aim is to be able to provide the animal with the ability to maintain its musculoskeletal health so that it remains as functional as possible, thereby providing the patient with an improved quality of life.

It is estimated that a third of all adult cats have Osteoarthritis (OA) by the age of 6, and up to 90% of cats over the age of 12 have some degree of OA. [1] The main contributing factors to these statistics is a sedentary or inactive lifestyle and feline obesity.

Cats by nature, are adept at hiding discomfort. Being light on their feet and generally quite agile they tend to display behavioral changes rather than the typical signs of pain displayed by their canine counterparts. Signs that your cat may be experiencing pain could include weight loss, muscle atrophy (wastage), a lack of self-grooming and also hesitance to jump up or down from objects that previously posed no issue. If you are noticing these signs and symptoms then it may be time to look at a multi-modal approach with your veterinarian. Regular therapy may also result in the reduction of the use of necessary anti-inflammatory and pain medications, as the various methods used in therapy produce an analgesic effect.

Treatments are not only limited to cats with Osteoarthritis but also those with neurological dysfunction such as Intervertebral Disc Disease, orthopaedic diseases such as hip dysplasia and patella luxation, post-operative cases following fractures and amputations, and even soft tissue injuries or tendon contractures, the list goes on and on!

Therapists are trained to use various modalities in the treatment of patients. This includes manual therapy in the form of massage, joint mobilizations, and fascia release, electrotherapy, laser, electromagnetic therapy and therapeutic ultrasound. Therapists also use specific rehabilitation exercises to enhance the effectiveness of their treatments and boost weight loss for their patients. At home, owners can encourage physical activity through interactive play sessions or by carrying the food bowl around the house, with kitties in tow.


Along with a biologically appropriate diet, one can also supplement their cats’ diet with a high quality omega 3 fish oil, or products with MSM, Glucosamine or Chondroitin, but take care with those cats who suffer from inflammatory bowel disease, as oral supplements may result in gastro-intestinal upsets.


So turn your flabby Felix into a fit feline and offer them the chance to live their life to the fullest. Discuss an holistic approach with your attending veterinarian and don’t hesitate to contact a reputable therapist to guide you in rehabilitating your cat.



[1] Dr Karen Becker, Healthy Pets presented by Mercola

Courterney Meyer Veterinary Therapist

| June 10, 2018
Courteney is a Veterinary Therapist, who completed four years of full-time studies at Equine-Librium College.
Specialising in not only your small animals, she is also available to see to your equine athletes.
From Kyalami to Fourways and Randburg, all the way to Broederstroom and Hartebeespoort, Courteney is available for home visits, or alternatively, works from Bromhof Vet on Mondays and Wednesdays, where she has use of a heated pool for hydrotherapy cases.
Each patient is treated as an individual, so it is not a “one size fits all” treatment, but rather tailored to the patients’ exact needs.
Best results are achieved when the team of Veterinary professionals, farriers, owners or riders all work together.
Communication is key to the recovery of the animal, along with dedication and lots of TLC.
Modalities used include massage, fascia release, electrotherapy, mobilisations and electro-magnetic therapy.

5 Questions to ask before your Pet’s Surgery

| June 10, 2018

Your pet is a treasured member of the family so you are naturally concerned about their health.

It is important that you feel comfortable with your vet.

That way you can discuss anything that you are concerned about regarding your pet’s wellbeing.

When your pet is unwell, the more you understand, the more comfortable you will feel.

surgery  nurse-jess  north-shore-vet-services


  1. What is my pet suffering from?

If you are not familiar with veterinary jargon, ask your vet to write down the name of the illness / condition your pet has. That way you can understand it better and will not forget. It is important to find out from your vet whether the condition your pet has is acute or chronic, whether it can be fixed or just managed and if it is likely to recur again in the future. That way you will be better informed.

  1. What are the treatment options?

As your pet is important to you, you will want to know all the possible treatment options for them and whether they are commonplace or more specialised. Your vet will offer you all the possible solutions and explain the pros and cons of each one. Sometimes there may be only one obvious treatment option, but there may also be plans B, C or even D. Treatments are classed as “medical”/“conservative”, e.g. medication, or “surgical” (an operation). You can then decide what treatment is right for you.

  1. Risks and Complications

Risks and complications may arise in treatments such as pet surgery. Therefore, even a minor procedure has a set of potential risks. It is the responsibility of the vet to give you an idea about all the complications and risks. After you know all the potential risks and complications, you can then decide whether you proceed with the treatment.

  1. Estimate of the Costs

When your vet is explaining the possible treatment options for your pet’s condition, they should also provide you with an estimate of how much each one costs. That way you can decide which treatment is the most suitable one for your budget.

  1. Does the hospital provide overnight care?

Overnight care is where your pet is monitored / attended to during the night by nursing or veterinary staff. Many suburban vets do not provide overnight care. If you don’t like the idea of leaving your pet alone at night, you can discuss transferring them to a local emergency hospital. However there will be an extra cost involved in the transport for this and the care.

  1. Post-Operative Care

If your pet has a procedure (surgery) done, your vet will inform you of the care to be provided once they are discharged and go home. At home care may include, medication (such as antibiotics, pain-killers etc), wound care, rest, restrictions on certain activities, or a special diet.

All in all, your vet will do their best to inform you of the best health and treatment options of your pet. They are a very good source of information and they understand your pet. It is important that you ask all the questions you have about the condition your pet has and the best options for treatment. They want the best for your pet’s health, just like you do!

Author’s Bio:

Angela Hill is a north shore vet who works as the Practice Manager at Gordon Vet Hospital. She loves being surrounded by animals.

Feline Leukemia and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

| May 31, 2018
Feline Leukemia and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Once a cat has been infected with FeLV, it has the virus and, at this time, there is no known way to eliminate it from the cat's system.

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a contagious and often fatal virus that is widespread in the American cat population. Once a cat has been infected with FeLV, it has the virus and, at this time, there is no known way to eliminate it from the cat’s system. The infected cat’s immune system is suppressed and thereby the cat becomes more susceptible to secondary infections. No breed of cat is more susceptible than another, but kittens and older or debilitated cats are more susceptible than healthy cats.

Mode of Infection

After being infected with FeLV, all cats will develop a low-grade level of the virus in their blood within the first two weeks. This infection will then progress in some cats, while others will successfully fight off the virus and not remain infected. All cats that develop the persistent infection serve as a source of infection for healthy, uninfected cats with which they come in contact. The virus is excreted primarily in the saliva, but may also be present in feces and urine. The major modes of spreading the virus are through social grooming, biting, sneezing, and sharing litterboxes or food bowls. Kittens can become infected from their mother in utero, or through her milk. Although feline leukemia is widespread in cats, a significant percentage of adult cats that are exposed to FeLV develop an immunity to the virus and do not become infected. Once outside the cat, FeLV is very unstable and is rapidly killed by drying (3-4 hrs), alcohol, and most common household detergents and disinfectants.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Signs of FeLV infection arise from the various diseases it causes. The affected cat may lose appetite and weight, its mucus membranes may become pale, it may be constipated or pass bloody stool, and have difficulty breathing, coughing or swallowing. Most kittens born to infected mothers develop what is termed “fading kitten syndrome”. The kittens are lethargic, have stunted growth, and are susceptible to infection. A cat with FeLV may develop a number of diseases that are either directly or indirectly caused by the virus. Most common are various cancers, anemia, kidney disease,or secondary infections caused by a lowered immune response. With the weakening of the cat’s immune system, otherwise non-threatening conditions may prove serious or fatal. FeLV cats recover slowly from such infections (upper respiratory infections, bite wounds, abcesses) and can easily become severely debilitated.

Infection with feline leukemia virus is diagnosed by a blood test. Since a cat will test positive to FeLV even in the primary stage of the infection (when the cat’s immune system may still be able to fight off the virus), it is important that all positive tests are repeated in eight to twelve weeks to determine whether the infection is persistent.


There is no recognized cure for feline leukemia virus, and currently many cats will die within a year of diagnosis. Traditional treatments address the symptoms of the disease, and try to keep the cat as comfortable as possible. More recent approaches to cancer caused by FeLV include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Some holistic veterinarians have experienced success in treating feline leukemia with nutritional therapy, particularly through the use of vitamin C. This is a field of treatment that is not yet accepted by the medical community at large, although the licensed veterinarians who practice nutritional therapy claim significant success in treating FeLV cats. It is important to realize that FeLV-infected cats are capable of infecting other cats in the household. Because of the poor prognosis most veterinarians currently give for a FeLV cat to live a life of good quality, many people choose to euthanize their cat rather than pursue treatment and subject the cat to isolation from others of its kind. This is a difficult decision which must be considered on an individual basis. There is no evidence linking human illness to the feline virus, but many veterinarians recommend that contact with FeLV positive cats be minimized.


Many veterinarians feel that if you have only one cat and she is kept strictly indoors, there is little chance of the cat being exposed to feline leukemia virus. This is probably the best means of prevention. All new cats entering a multi-cat household should test negative. If you have previously had a cat with FeLV, wait at least 30 days before acquiring a new cat. During that time, all litterboxes and food bowls should be replaced, and the premises cleaned thoroughly.

Two vaccines are currently available for prevention purposes. Neither so far offers protection to more than 89% of cats inoculated, so the vaccine alone is not recommended as the sole means of prevention. Until a 100% vaccine is developed, additional measures should be taken. Keeping your cat indoors 24 hours a day is currently the best safeguard. However, any cat may be periodically in a high risk situation, and it may be wise to have the cat vaccinated for extra protection. A vaccination schedule can be started as early as nine weeks of age. Only those cats that are FeLV negative should be vaccinated. Three doses are required: an initial inoculation, repeated a second time two to four weeks later and again two to four months later. Thereafter a yearly booster is recommended to maintain immunity.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

FIV is a newly recognized feline virus. It is related to FeLV and displays many of the same signs: anemia, low white blood cell counts, and secondary infections. For some time, cats who showed symptoms of FeLV syndrome but who tested negative were nevertheless assumed to be carrying FeLV. Now a FIV test is available. FIV is not related to the human virus HIV, although many of the symptoms may be similar. FIV infection is restricted solely to cats.

Much remains unknown about FIV. The method of transfer is believed to be through bite wounds rather than casual contact. The virus may remain dormant for some time (up to years), during which the cat appears normal. As the immune system becomes affected, the cat is likely to contract secondary infections. It is these secondary infections that are responsible for most of the clinical signs associated with FIV infection.

There is no current treatment for FIV. Treatments used are to combat the secondary infections that arise. No vaccine is currently available. Protection can be assured only by preventing your cat from contacting infected cats. Cats kept indoors and away from free-ranging cats are highly unlikely to contract FIV infection.

Copyright & Credit:
Source: Paws –
Photo copyright and courtesy: Duygu Agar – stock.xchng

Helping Your Cat Adjust to a New Home

| April 27, 2018
Helping Your Cat Adjust to a New Home

Adjusting to a new home can be a tense and frightening experience for a cat.

Adjusting to a new home can be a tense and frightening experience for a cat. After being abandoned by his previous guardian, he now finds himself in a strange new home with strange new people. Your patience and understanding during his initial adjustment period can do a lot to help your new cat feel at home.

The ride home
Transportation can be traumatic for cats. Your cat or kitten should be confined to a carrier during the ride home as well as during subsequent trips to the veterinarian. Do not let your new cat loose in a moving car or allow children to excite him. Do not leave the cat unattended in the car or stop to visit friends, shop, etc. Keep your cat in his carrier until you are safely inside your home.

The new home
Consider the kind of life your companion has had. Your kitten may have been recently separated from his mother and litter mates. The kitten or cat has had to cope with the transition of a kennel environment and the stress of surgery. The adult cat may have been separated from a familiar home and forced to break a bond with human companions or other animals. Now he must adjust again to totally new surroundings.

Allow your cat several weeks to adapt to his new surroundings. During this period, the cat or kitten should be carefully confined indoors. He needs to get used to you as the provider of love, shelter and food. Be sure that all windows and doors are kept closed and that all screens are secure. A scared cat can easily get out of a high open window. Although PAWS advocates keeping cats indoors 24 hours a day, it is imperative that the new cat stay totally indoors for at least one month, and the new kitten until he is grown.

Be patient. It’s not uncommon for cats to display behavior problems during the first days in a new home, but these usually disappear over time. Newly arrived cats and kittens often bolt under furniture the first chance they get; some may spend hours or even days hiding. Sit and talk quietly to the cat. If you must take the cat out of his hiding place, carry him gently to a quiet protected area where he will feel secure. Be sure food, water and litterbox are nearby.

A room of his own
Introduce your cat to his new home gradually, restricting him to one room at first. Isolate other animals from your new cat during this time. Supervise children; advise them to always be gentle with the cat. Have the litterbox ready when you remove the cat from the carrier. Show him the location of the litterbox. Offer a bowl of water but do not provide food for an hour. Your cat may be bewildered, fearful or curious. Do not overwhelm him with attention or demands. Remember to keep doors and windows closed, and be sure the cat has an I.D. tag on at all times. It is not unusual for cats to leap on top of very high furniture in order to explore or to feel secure. Do not panic, shout, or run to the cat. When he is ready, he will come down alone.

Try to spend several hours with your new cat as he becomes accustomed to your home. Your sensitive handling of the initial transition can ease the trauma and set the stage for a happy settling-in.

Sleeping arrangements
Most cats choose several favorite sleeping spots where they can be comfortable, warm, and free from drafts. Providing a bed for your cat may discourage him from sleeping on furniture. A cozy box or basket lined with soft, washable bedding and placed in a quiet corner makes a suitable cat bed. However, some cats enjoy continually picking new (and sometimes surprising) sleeping spots. If you allow your cat to sleep on furniture, a washable cover can be placed over favorite spots. A cat’s sleeping spot should be respected as his own. Don’t allow children to disturb your cat when he is resting. Cats need solitude and quiet time.
Introduction to other animals

The ability of animals to get along together in the same household depends on their individual personalities. In relationships between animals, there will always be one who dominates. A new cat will often upset the existing “pecking order” or the old cat or dog may feel it necessary to establish dominance immediately. Wise handling of the “getting acquainted” period is an important factor in the successful introduction of a new cat. The first week or two may be hectic, frustrating and time consuming. Be patient. The adjustment will take time.

New cat/old dog
Keep your dog confined until the cat feels secure in his new home. Introduce them indoors with the dog under control on a leash. Do not allow the dog to chase or corner the cat, even out of playfulness or curiosity. Supervise them carefully and don’t tolerate any aggressive behavior from your dog. The cat should have a safe retreat, either up high or in a room inaccessible to the dog. An adult cat may swat a dog to set limits. Allow your animals to accept one another in their own time and don’t leave them alone together until this is accomplished. Never push them toward each other or force interaction. Many cats and dogs become companions and playmates while others simply tolerate each other. Be sure to give your dog lots of extra attention to avoid jealous reactions.

New cat/old cat
Spayed or neutered cats are generally more accepting of other cats. Adult cats are generally more accepting of kittens than of other adults. Two altered adult cats often become friends in the same home. Let your original cat sniff the cat carrier while your new cat is still confined. Then temporarily confine the established cat to one room while the new cat becomes familiar with his surroundings, including the other cat’s scent. Do not force or rush their meeting. Grooming and acceptance of food are signs that your new cat is settling in and may be ready to meet his house mate. Pick up the new cat and take him to a quiet room while your established cat is allowed to investigate the newcomer’s carrier and territory. Bring the new cat into the area. Never force an introduction or interfere with two cats getting acquainted unless a fight erupts (in which case tossing a blanket over one cat or squirting the cats with a light spray of water effectively disrupts the fight). If possible have a neutral party such as a neighbor or friend do this in order to avoid the established cat’s association of you with “the intruder”. Remember, you are introducing a new cat into the territory of another. Hissing and standoffs are to be expected. Allow them to grow accustomed to one another on their own terms, remembering that the process may take many weeks.

Be sure each cat has his own food and water bowls and litterbox. Try to allow equal time for each cat. Do not leave them alone together until they have accepted each other. Confine them to separate areas when you are away. Since many problems are caused by jealousy, give your original cat extra time, attention, and treats and avoid interrupting his routine as much as possible.

New cat/other animals
Birds, rodents, and fish should be adequately protected from possible harassment from the new cat. These animals are the natural prey of cats and may be subjected to stress merely by the presence of a cat. Cats and rabbits generally live harmoniously together, with the rabbit often assuming a dominant role. However, watch early interactions closely in case your cat should manifest a prey reaction and never leave them unsupervised together until their relationship is clearly friendly.

Copyright & Credit:  Paws –
Photo copyright and courtesy: 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and its Effects on Cats

| March 16, 2018
IBS in cats usually affects the contractions of the digestive tract resulting to irregular bowel movement

IBS in cats usually affects the contractions of the digestive tract resulting to irregular bowel movement

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is not only common among humans but also among animals particularly cats. Basically, the IBS that is experienced by people is the same type that cats also feel.

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome among cats is the same gastrointestinal disorder that is also felt by human. The large and/or small intestines are also affected. IBS in cats usually affects the contractions of the digestive tract resulting to irregular bowel movement. Aside from that, IBS also interferes with the normal distribution of food and waste material inside the cat’s body resulting to the accumulation of toxins and mucus in the cat’s intestines.

These accumulated toxins often obstruct the normal function of the digestive tract. In the process gas and stool are trapped causing bloating, constipation and distention. It is also surprising to note that the same IBS factors in human have been identified to cause the same effects among cats. Factors causing IBS such as stress, overuse of antibiotics, poor eating habits, bacterial, and viral infection, parasites and food allergies were found to affect cats as well.

Likewise, a blockage is also very common among cats since they love to chew as well as swallow objects. This too can trigger IBS symptoms.

Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Cats

It would be surprising to note that cats and humans exhibit the same Irritable Bowel Syndrome symptoms. And here are some of them:

* Constipation among cats is just like in humans. It is also exhibited by hard, small, pebble-like stools, which make bowel movement very difficult.

* Diarrhea is a more frequent bowel movement wherein the stool is often soft and watery. Cats with IBS usually experience successive loose bowel movement alternating with constipation.

* Abdominal pain is also common among cats with IBS. The pain can range from mild to severe.

* The presence of mucus in the stool is also a common sign of IBS.

* Another symptom of IBS that may be observed in cats is vomiting and nausea.

* Gas pain or flatulence is also an indication of IBS in cats

* Bloating

* Intolerance to certain types of foods

* Anorexia which most of you may think is only common to us human but surprisingly is also exhibited by our feline friends.

Treating Your Cat’s Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Since Irritable Bowel Syndrome involves many factors, it is very important that you have your cats examined by a veterinarian. This way you will know what’s triggering IBS symptoms in your pet cats. In case you prefer to apply natural methods in controlling your pet’s IBS symptoms still it is better to consult first a veterinarian before applying any type of IBS treatment to your cat to avoid further complications.

A change in your cat’s diet is also a good way to control Irritable Bowel syndrome. However make sure that you consult a veterinarian or a nutritionist to provide your cat with a personalized diet and program.

Feeding your cat with the right type of food is still the best way to control your cat’s Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Cats like humans prefer different types of foods. There are some cats that like eating raw food while there are some that prefers home cooking or canned food.

It is very important that you try to experiment with foods that work for your cat. If you can keep a food journal in which you can jot down foods that your cat needs to avoid then so much the better. This will guide you on the proper food to give your cat and in turn keeps IBS symptoms in control.

Copyright & Credit:

Source: Low Jeremy provides more free and extremely helpful information on Irritable Bowel Syndrome like irritable bowel syndrome treatment.
Visit for more info.

Article Source:

Photo copyright and courtesy: Sofia Henriques – stock.xchng

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